15.2.1. Event Sets¶
An event flag is used by a task (or ISR) to inform another task of the
occurrence of a significant situation. Thirty-two event flags are associated
with each task. A collection of one or more event flags is referred to as an
event set. The data type
rtems_event_set is used to manage event sets.
The application developer should remember the following key characteristics of event operations when utilizing the event manager:
Events provide a simple synchronization facility.
Events are aimed at tasks.
Tasks can wait on more than one event simultaneously.
Events are independent of one another.
Events do not hold or transport data.
Events are not queued. In other words, if an event is sent more than once to a task before being received, the second and subsequent send operations to that same task have no effect.
An event set is posted when it is directed (or sent) to a task. A pending
event is an event that has been posted but not received. An event condition is
used to specify the event set which the task desires to receive and the
algorithm which will be used to determine when the request is satisfied. An
event condition is satisfied based upon one of two algorithms which are
selected by the user. The
RTEMS_EVENT_ANY algorithm states that an event
condition is satisfied when at least a single requested event is posted. The
RTEMS_EVENT_ALL algorithm states that an event condition is satisfied when
every requested event is posted.
15.2.2. Building an Event Set or Condition¶
An event set or condition is built by a bitwise OR of the desired events. The
set of valid events is
RTEMS_EVENT_31. If an
event is not explicitly specified in the set or condition, then it is not
present. Events are specifically designed to be mutually exclusive, therefore
bitwise OR and addition operations are equivalent as long as each event appears
exactly once in the event set list.
For example, when sending the event set consisting of
RTEMS_EVENT_31, the event parameter to the
rtems_event_send directive should be
RTEMS_EVENT_6 | RTEMS_EVENT_15 |
15.2.3. Building an EVENT_RECEIVE Option Set¶
In general, an option is built by a bitwise OR of the desired option
components. The set of valid options for the
are listed in the following table:
task will wait for event (default)
task should not wait
return after all events (default)
return after any events
Option values are specifically designed to be mutually exclusive, therefore
bitwise OR and addition operations are equivalent as long as each option
appears exactly once in the component list. An option listed as a default is
not required to appear in the option list, although it is a good programming
practice to specify default options. If all defaults are desired, the option
RTEMS_DEFAULT_OPTIONS should be specified on this call.
This example demonstrates the option parameter needed to poll for all events in
a particular event condition to arrive. The option parameter passed to the
rtems_event_receive directive should be either
RTEMS_NO_WAIT. The option parameter can be set to
RTEMS_EVENT_ALL is the default condition for