# 6.3.4. Doxygen Guidelines¶

## 6.3.4.1. Group Names¶

Doxygen group names shall use CamelCase. In the RTEMS source code, CamelCase is rarely used, so this makes it easier to search and replace Doxygen groups. It avoids ambiguous references to functions, types, defines, macros, and groups. All groups shall have an RTEMS prefix. This makes it possible to include the RTEMS files with Doxygen comments in a larger project without name conflicts. The group name shall use Title Case.

/**
*
* @ingrop RTEMSScore
*
* ...
*/


## 6.3.4.2. Use Groups¶

Every file, function declaration, type definition, typedef, define, macro and global variable declaration shall belong to at least one Doxygen group. Use @defgroup and @addtogroup with @{ and @} brackets to add members to a group. A group shall be defined at most once. Each group shall be documented with an @brief description and an optional detailed description. Use grammatically correct sentences for the @brief and detailed descriptions.

For the @brief description use phrases like this:

• This group contains … and so on.

• The XYZ Handler provides … and so on.

• The ABC Component contains … and so on.

/**
*
* @ingrop RTEMSScore
*
* @brief The Thread Handler provides functionality related to the
*
* This includes the creation, deletion, and scheduling of threads.
*
* ...
*
* @{
*/

... declarations, defines ...

/** @} */

/**
*
* @{
*/

... declarations, defines ...

/** @} */


## 6.3.4.3. Files¶

Each header and source file shall have an @file block at the top of the file after the SPDX License Identifier. The @file block shall precede the license header separated by one blank line, see C/C++ Header File Template and C/C++/Assembler Source File Template. The @file block shall be put into a group with @ingroup GroupName. The @file block shall have an @brief description and an optional detailed description. The detailed description could give an explanation why a certain set of functions or data structures is grouped in one file. Use grammatically correct sentences for the @brief and detailed descriptions.

For the @brief description of header files use phrases like this:

• This header file provides … and so on.

• This header file provides the API of the ABC Manager.

• This header file provides interfaces and functions used to implement the XYZ Handler.

For the @brief description of source files use phrases like this:

• This source file contains the implementation of some_function().

• This source file contains the definition of some_data_element.

• This source file contains the implementation of XZY Hander functions related to ABC processing.

/**
* @file
*
*
* @brief This source file contains the implementation of
*/


## 6.3.4.4. Type Definitions¶

Each type (typedef, struct, enum) defined in a header file shall be documented with an @brief description and an optional detailed description. Use grammatically correct sentences for the @brief and detailed descriptions.

For the @brief description of types use phrases like this:

• This type represents … and so on.

• This structure represents … and so on.

• This structure provides … and so on.

• This enumeration represents … and so on.

• The XYZ represents … and so on.

Each type member shall be documented with an @brief description and an optional detailed description. Use grammatically correct sentences for the @brief and detailed descriptions.

For the @brief description of types members use phrases like this:

• This member represents … and so on.

• This member contains … and so on.

• This member references … and so on.

• The XYZ lock protects … and so on.

For the @brief description of boolean type members use a phrase like this: “This member is true, if some condition is satisfied, otherwise it is false.”.

/**
* @brief The object information structure maintains the objects of an
*   object class.
*
* If objects for the object class are configured, then an instance of this
* structure is statically allocated and pre-initialized by
* OBJECTS_INFORMATION_DEFINE() through <rtems/confdefs.h>.  The RTEMS
* library contains a statically allocated and pre-initialized instance for
* each object class providing zero objects, see
* OBJECTS_INFORMATION_DEFINE_ZERO().
*/
typedef struct {
/**
* @brief This member contains the object identifier maximum of this
*   object class.
*
* It is statically initialized.  The object identifier maximum provides
* also the object API, class, and multiprocessing node information.
*
* It is used by _Objects_Get() to validate an object identifier.
*/
Objects_Id maximum_id;

... more members ...
} Objects_Information;


## 6.3.4.5. Function Declarations¶

Each function declaration or function-like macro in a header file shall be documented with an @brief description and an optional detailed description. Use grammatically correct sentences for the @brief and detailed descriptions. Use the descriptive-style for @brief descriptions, for example "Creates a task.", "Sends the events to the task.", or "Obtains the semaphore.". Use “the” to refer to parameters of the function. Do not use descriptions like "Returns this and that.". Describe the function return in @retval and @return paragraphs.

Each parameter shall be documented with an @param entry. List the @param entries in the order of the function parameters. For non-const pointer parameters

• use @param[out], if the function writes under some conditions to memory locations referenced directly or indirectly by the non-const pointer parameter, or

• use @param[in, out], if the function reads under some conditions from memory locations referenced directly or indirectly by the non-const pointer parameter and the function writes under some conditions to memory locations referenced directly or indirectly by the non-const pointer parameter.

If the function only reads from memory locations referenced directly or indirectly by a non-const pointer parameter, then the pointer parameter should be made const.

For other parameters (e.g. const pointer and scalar parameters) do not use the [in], [out] or [in, out] parameter specifiers.

For the @param descriptions use phrases like this:

• is the ABC.

• indicates what should be done.

• defines the something.

• references the object to deal with.

The phrase shall form a grammatically correct sentence if “This parameter” precedes the phrase, for example “This parameter is the size of the message in bytes to send.”.

Distinctive return values shall be documented with an @retval entry. Document the most common return value first. Use @return to describe the return of non-distinctive values. Use grammatically correct sentences for the descriptions. Use sentences in simple past tense to describe conditions which resulted in the return of a status value. Place @retval descriptions before the @return description. For functions returning a boolean value, use @return and a phrase like this: “Returns true, if some condition is satisfied, otherwise false.”.

/**
* @brief Sends a message to the message queue.
*
* This directive sends the message buffer to the message queue indicated by
* ID.  If one or more tasks is blocked waiting to receive a message from this
* message queue, then one will receive the message.  The task selected to
* receive the message is based on the task queue discipline algorithm in use
* by this particular message queue.  If no tasks are waiting, then the message
* buffer will be placed at the rear of the chain of pending messages for this
* message queue.
*
* @param id The message queue ID.
* @param buffer The message content buffer.
* @param size The size of the message.
*
* @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL Successful operation.
* @retval RTEMS_INVALID_ID Invalid message queue ID.
* @retval RTEMS_INVALID_ADDRESS The message buffer pointer is @c NULL.
* @retval RTEMS_INVALID_SIZE The message size is larger than the maximum
*   message size of the message queue.
* @retval RTEMS_TOO_MANY The new message would exceed the message queue limit
*   for pending messages.
*/
rtems_status_code rtems_message_queue_send(
rtems_id    id,
const void *buffer,
size_t      size
);

/**
* @brief Receives a message from the message queue
*
* This directive is invoked when the calling task wishes to receive a message
* from the message queue indicated by ID. The received message is to be placed
* in the buffer. If no messages are outstanding and the option set indicates
* that the task is willing to block, then the task will be blocked until a
* message arrives or until, optionally, timeout clock ticks have passed.
*
* @param id The message queue ID.
* @param[out] buffer The buffer for the message content.  The buffer must be
*   large enough to store maximum size messages of this message queue.
* @param[out] size The size of the message.
* @param option_set The option set, e.g. RTEMS_NO_WAIT or RTEMS_WAIT.
* @param timeout The number of ticks to wait if the RTEMS_WAIT is set.  Use
*   RTEMS_NO_TIMEOUT to wait indefinitely.
*
* @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL Successful operation.
* @retval RTEMS_INVALID_ID Invalid message queue ID.
* @retval RTEMS_INVALID_ADDRESS The message buffer pointer or the message size
*   pointer is @c NULL.
* @retval RTEMS_TIMEOUT A timeout occurred and no message was received.
*/
rtems_id        id,
void           *buffer,
size_t         *size,
rtems_option    option_set,
rtems_interval  timeout
);

/**
* @brief Allocates a memory block of the specified size from the workspace.
*
* @param size is the size in bytes of the memory block.
*
* @retval NULL No memory block with the requested size was available in the
*   workspace.
*
* @return Returns the pointer to the allocated memory block, if enough
*   memory to satisfy the allocation request was available.  The pointer is at
*   least aligned by #CPU_HEAP_ALIGNMENT.
*/
void *_Workspace_Allocate( size_t size );

/**
* @brief Rebalances the red-black tree after insertion of the node.
*
* @param[in, out] the_rbtree references the red-black tree.
* @param[in, out] the_node references the most recently inserted node.
*/
void _RBTree_Insert_color(
RBTree_Control *the_rbtree,
RBTree_Node    *the_node
);

/**
* @brief Builds an object ID from its components.
*
* @param the_api is the object API.
* @param the_class is the object class.
* @param node is the object node.
* @param index is the object index.
*
* @return Returns the object ID built from the specified components.
*/
#define _Objects_Build_id( the_api, the_class, node, index )