15. OpenRISC 1000 Specific Information

This chapter discusses the`OpenRISC 1000 architecture http://opencores.org/or1k/Main_Page dependencies in this port of RTEMS. There are many implementations for OpenRISC like or1200 and mor1kx. Currently RTEMS supports basic features that all implementations should have.

Architecture Documents

For information on the OpenRISC 1000 architecture refer to the`OpenRISC 1000 architecture manual http://openrisc.github.io/or1k.html.

15.1. Calling Conventions

Please refer to the`Function Calling Sequence http://openrisc.github.io/or1k.html#__RefHeading__504887_595890882.

15.1.1. Floating Point Unit

A floating point unit is currently not supported.

15.2. Memory Model

A flat 32-bit memory model is supported.

15.3. Interrupt Processing

OpenRISC 1000 architecture has 13 exception types:

  • Reset

  • Bus Error

  • Data Page Fault

  • Instruction Page Fault

  • Tick Timer

  • Alignment

  • Illegal Instruction

  • External Interrupt

  • D-TLB Miss

  • I-TLB Miss

  • Range

  • System Call

  • Floating Point

  • Trap

15.3.1. Interrupt Levels

There are only two levels: interrupts enabled and interrupts disabled.

15.3.2. Interrupt Stack

The OpenRISC RTEMS port uses a dedicated software interrupt stack. The stack for interrupts is allocated during interrupt driver initialization. When an interrupt is entered, the _ISR_Handler routine is responsible for switching from the interrupted task stack to RTEMS software interrupt stack.

15.4. Default Fatal Error Processing

The default fatal error handler for this architecture performs the following actions:

  • disables operating system supported interrupts (IRQ),

  • places the error code in r0, and

  • executes an infinite loop to simulate a halt processor instruction.

15.5. Symmetric Multiprocessing

SMP is not supported.